9004 I °15158T6 2 Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2013 http://archive.org/details/williamcaxtonfirOOemra BLESSING TO CANADA H w H c A .|()e |itst § nglisl) . H JHotttrtal ; Prr.LisHED By J. N. Emra. 1877. * I GO H :, w feii ° 1 THOMAS LEEMING & CO., Agejsts. " O-ur ....,.-, ol whic 500 or more I'er- manent Fac-similj rmpressions of Cir- culars, Designs, Music, Office Forms, Invitations, &e. , &c. May ba rapidly and very cheaply Printed n an ordinary Copy- ing Press direct from a Writer's own Ma- nuscript. Oii_- Ink- ing seives for 500 impressi< >ns. AOKMS FOR PftOVINCX OF QUKBE : loinw, Phillips & Bumier. STATION ERS AND <&66om\t ©00k Maqufadtui'ei^, 375 NOTRE DAME STREET. MONTREAL. raj \\ rj) mnm MERCHANT TAILOR No 187 ST. PETER STREET, BETWEEN ST. JAMES & CRAIG STREETS, Military Uniforms and Highland Costumes A SPECIALTY. Uniyers««wi*n:iionireaj Jt»wJME EN SURPLUS . 9 S £p jggg .1 \i~ When In Montreal, lie 1 WntUA JB, ^JL ONE OF THE LARGEST AND MOST COM- PLETE IN THE WORLD. Hours of Admission. — For Gentlemen, 6 to 9 A.M., and 2 to 10 P.M. Ladies, 10 A.M. to 1 P.M. GODFREY RUEL, Proprietor. HEARN & HARRISON'S Dpon and Marine tluus, StanosoqpBS and fa, 242 & 244 NOTRE DAME ST., MONTREAL. 50,000 DIFFERENT ARTICLES, New, Useful and Ornamental, can be obtained for Oil DOIiIiAB BACMs Harper's Dollar Store, IE ! MTRE DAM1! STREET. LJ.DIEB! Tj^DIEB! HAVE YOU SEEN THE Centennial Plaiting Machine Does all kinds of Dress Plaiting, and will do more and better work in one hour than can be done by hand in six. They are indispensable to Dress-Makers, and no one should be without one in the house. Can be seen at S3^b3 ST. JAMES STKEET, (Opposite Cvtawa Hotel*) MONTREAL WOVELTY COMPANY, SOLE AGENTS. THE patent ram rra Self Acting & Self Cleansing. Upward Filtration under Pressure. For attaching to the supply pipe In the basement of a house, and thoroughly puri- fying all the water passing through it. Effectually removing animalcules, organic matter, and all impurities so injurious to health. Softens the water for laundry use, gives a continuous supply of pure wholesome water for all domestic purposes, and requires no attention beyond the open- ing of the cleansing tap occasionally. B. HUTCHINS& CO., 30 St. Francois Xavier Street, MONTREAL. Place d 'Jlvvnee Drug Stove IS THE CENTRAL DEPOT FOR Plantagenet and Carratraca Waters, DIRECT FROM THE SPRINGS, FOB SALE WHOLESALE AND MET AIL BY JAMES HAWKES, 4 FRANK B. STREET, FIRST-CLASS |!rt k €*M*r JStokr AND IMPORTER OF GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS IIS $t Jmes Street, ADJOIN1NGWESLETAN CHUBCH, JtfOJ^TREJtL. THOMAS CRATHERN 1363 ST. CATHERINE STREET, 1363 Corner BffcGill College Avenue, MONTREAL. This Establishment is conducted on Temperance principles. A Specialty during Season— Oakville and Georgetown Strawberries received daily fresh from the beds, wholesale and retail. GORDON <fc EGAN, WEST e:n-:d MBIRS h GASPITTfiBS, 120 MANSFIELD ST., MONTREAL. PHOTO WAPHlNft On Wood and Metal. Mleetroiyping db Stereotyping \ CRAIG ST., OVER "STAR" OFFICE, MONTREAL. CUHtADA IP &Uf& rACMllY, ESTABLISHED 1856. 9 SURGICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER, 886 & 690 CRAIG STREET, MONTREAL Artificial Limbs Made to Order. India Rubber Goods of every description. CATALOGUES OX APPLICATION. ENSURE REST AND CLEANLINESS BY USING Whtttjffidt'0 im'pwMd fpi0tlf#0 Jtyriig §etf, AND MOTH PROOF MATTRESS. WHITESIDE, JORDAN & CO., Manufacturers, J^O, 66 pOLLEGE ^TREET, ^MONTREAL. The Best and Cheapest Place in Town TO BUY YOUR BOOTS AND SHOES. Special Discounts During the Exhibition. *J+ o fJ-t a. iictniMssii |. CO New Offices : 35 & 37 Bonaventure St. Royal Mail Line of Steamers BETWEEN QUEBEC, MONTREAL, KINGSTON, TORONTO, HAMILTON, And Intermediate Ports. Steamer QUEBEC, - Capt J. R. Labelle. MONTREAL, - Capt R. Nelson. Leave daily (Sundays excepted) for Quebec, at 7 p.m. TICKET OFFICE, where State Rooms can be secured from R. A. Dickson, Ticket Agent, at 133 St. James Street ; Freight Office, Canal Basin ; and at the Ticket Office, Foot Jacques Cartier Square. J. B. LAMERE, ALEX. MILLOT, General Manager. Traffic Manager. GMWEMAL OFFICES: 228 Si. Paul Bireei. S. CARSLEY, 393 4 395 Notre Dame Street, Montreal, AJSID 8 PATERNOSTER ROW, London, England, IMPORTER OF iy mm The only Dry Goods Store in Montreal where cash buyers are not made to pay the losses incurred through bad debts, and other expenses of doing a credit business. NO CREDIT GIVEN AT ALL. Our Prices are much lower than other Stores. About the larges Stock in Canada to select from. POISON ! POISON ! ■»— *■-- m* ' » > — ■ DEATH to Rats, Mice, Cockroaches, Blackbeetlea, &c« tolis's fain dW&dnaink One box is warranted to kill over 200 Rats, and for Cockroaches there is nothing to equal it. For Sale by nearly all Druggists and General Storekeepers through- out the Dominion. ASK FOR GOULDEN'S AND TAKE NO OTHER. MANUFACTURED BY lAlIi TOUIdMW, No. 175 ST. LAWRENCE STREET> MONTREAL, P. Q. AYlLLIAM CAXTON. THE INTRODUCER OF PRINTING INTO ENGLAND. HE first English printer was born in the County of Kent, in the year 141 2. Unlike many whose deeds and discoveries have shed a lustre upon the generations that succeeded them, William Caxton was born and brought up in what may be called a comfortable position. He was apprenticed in boyhood to a mercei of Lon- don, named Large, who, at his death, remembered the future printer by a legacy of twenty marks. The great aptitude of Caxton for business led to his being em- ployed in important international business of a commer- cial nature in the Low Countries. His hours of leisure were employed in translating Raoul le Fevre's Recueil >des Histoires de Troyes, the original of which was the first book he printed, though, according to some, it was preceded by The Game and Plays of the Chesse. Roy- alty smiled upon his labors, and the Duchess of Burgundy, it is said, assisted him in his work. By what means Caxton learned the art of printing is not known, but he travelled in Brabant, Holland, Flan- ders and Zealand, and his types afterwards showed that in these parts he learned his trade ; as his own founts of type were what is known as " black letter," and not of the more beautiful Roman, Venetian or Parisian patterns. Uncertain as are all the dates in connection with the history of the subject of our sketch, it is not known pre- cisely when he returned to his native land ; but it is gen- erally supposed that he brought the art of printing into England in the year 1474, at which time he was becom- ing an old man. He took up his residence in the vicin- ity of Westminster Abbey, set up a printing press, and 10 between this time and his death, in 1491 or 1492, printed and published no less than sixty-four works, an enumer- ation of the quaint titles of which would probably be wearisome to the reader. The Arte and Crafte to Knowe Well to Dye may be taken as a fair specimen of the pe- culiarity of these works. Caxton, by translating a great number of books from the French, greatly contributed to promote the state of literature in England ; and in type founding, the fact of his making rapid strides is attested by his having used five distinct founts of letters. His original letter is de- scribed by Edward Rowe Mores to have been of the sort called " Secretary." Afterwards he came nearer to the " English " face. He used three founts of " Great Primer," one of " Double Pica," and one of " Long Primer." These types very nearly agreed with the bodies which have since been so designated. All his works, however, as has been remarked, were printed in what is known as " black letter." The two largest collections of the productions of Caxton's press now known are those in the British Mus- eum and in Earl Spencer's library at Althorp. From the evidence of Wynkyn de Worde, it appears .that on the last day of William Caxton's life he finished the translation from French into English of the Lives of the Fathers. He was in every sense a man of business, of sobriety, and of indomitable perseverance ; a man whose career has shone with a great light on the path- way of many succeeding aspirants to typographical fame ; and let us trust that now, at the time of the celebration in the transatlantic city of Montreal of the four hun- dredth anniversary of his introduction of the " art pre- servative of all arts" into England, the memory of his life and labors may act as a stimulus to the present gen- eration to strive to perform thoroughly, and with progress always in view, their duty to God and their fellow-men. By entries in the parish records of St. Margaret, Westminster, these items may be read : " Item : atte bureyng of William Caxton, for iiij. torches vj.s viij.d. Item : for the belle at same Burey- ng, vj.d." 11 NO MORE GRAY HAIRS. LTJBY'S PARISIAN HAITI REHEWER WILL RESTORE 6RAY HAIR TO ITS NATURAL COLOR. The truth in all cases is too well established to deny the satisfactory results produced in restoring gray to its natural color by LUBY'S PARISIAN HAIR REN EWER, as can be attested by many persons whose hair has prematurely turned gray. Try it and prove its efficacy, rt is most agreeably perfumed, and will not soil the skin or most delicate fabric, and is quite a favorite from its superior qualities over all other preparations of its kind in use. A few applications as an ordinary dressing, after which once a week will suffice. In large bottles, fifty oents. For sale by all Chemists. NO TOILET TABLE SHOU LD BE WITHOUT IT. Those who have used it, speak well of it. Those who condemn it, know nothing of it. DEViNS & BOLTON, Chemists, Agents for the Dominion of Canada, TVJEXT THE COURT HOUSE, Montreal. DEVJ IMS' VEGETABLE. WOEMPASTatES Approved of by the Medical Faculty, as the safest and most effective remedy known, for worms in children or adults. SOLD BY MOST DRUGGISTS AND GROCERS. We will forward by mail, post paid, to any address in Canada, on receipt of 25 cents, a box of Devins' Worm Pastilles. DEVINS & BOLTON, Chemist?, Next the Court House, Montreal. 12 PHILLIP'S ESIA Is endorsed and prescribed by the Leading Physicians throughout the country ,, as the best preparation known for all disturbed conditions of the stomach, and is greatly superior to Calcined and Carbonate Magnesia. It immediately and certainly cures Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Heartburn, Sour Stomach, and Headaches caused by acidity of the stomach. The pleasant taste and milk-like smoothness of this preparation renders it very valuable for infants, requiring no persuasion to induce them to take it. It positively prevents food souring on the stomach, and will act as a laxative when U6ed as directed. It is also peculiarly adapted to females. MILK OP MAGNESIA immediately correots bad taste in the mouth, and render* impure breath sweet and agreeable. Ladies onee using this preparation will find it of such real value as to make it a standard remedy in every house. FOR SAL.E BY ALX. DRUGGISTS. DEVINS & BOLTON, Chemists, NEXT THE COURT HOUSE, MONTREAL. GMNJEMAIL AGENTS FOB, THE UOMINION. MOTHERS SAWE YOIRGHJLDBEI ! TO MOTHERS & NORSES CHILDREN'S Iff la the formula of an experienced Family Physician, and is now universally employed in all cases of Teething Pains. Loss of Sleep, Convulsions, Colic, Dysenterv, &c. It onlv requires to be tried to be appreciated, as those who have used it recommend it to others. SOIiD BY ALL DRUGGISTS. DEVINS & BOLTON, Apothecaries' Hall, J^EXT THE pOURT j^OUSE, ^MONTREAL, 13 THE SONG OF THE PRINTER Pick and click Goes the type in the stick, As the printer stands at his case ; His eyes glance quick, and his fingers pick The type at a rapid pace ; And one by one as the letters go, Words are piled up steady and slow — Steady and slow, But still they grow, And words of fire they soon will glow ; Wonderful words, that without a sound Traverse the earth to its utmost bound ; Words that shall make The tyrant quake, And the fetters of the oppress'd shall break ; Words that can crumble an army's might, Or treble its strength in a righteous fight. Yet the type they look but leaden and dumb, As he puts them in place with finger and thumb ^ But the printer smiles, And his work beguiles, By chanting a song as the letters he piles, With pick and click, Like the world's chronometer, tick ! tick ! tick O, where is the man with such simple tools Can govern the world like I ? With a printing press, an iron stick, And a little leaden die, With paper of white, and ink of black, I support the Right, and the Wrong attack. Say, where is he, or who may he be, That can rival the printer's power ? To no monarchs that live the wall doth he give — Their sway lasts only an hour ; While the printer still grows, and God only knows When his might shall cease to tower ! A PRINTER'S EPITAPH. No more shall copy bad perplex my brain, No more shall type's small face my eyeballs strain ; No more the proof's foul page create me troubles, By errors, transpositions, outs and doubles : No more my head shall ache from authors' whims, As overrunnings, driving-outs, and ins ; The sturdy pressman's frown I now may scoff, Revised, corrected, finally wrought off. 14 THE ART PRESERVATIVE OF ALL ARTS. ONTREAL commemorates to-day the four hundredth anniversary of the grand- est discovery in science that the world has ever known. It is strange that the art of printing, per- petuating as it does, all other arts and sciences, should not have been able to hand down to posterity the name of its discoverer. Haerlem, in Holland, and Mentz and Strasburg, in Germany, all claim the honor of having been the birth- place of typography ; and it would seem that one Lauren- tius, sometimes called Coster, living in Haerlem, has as good a claim as any one to the honor of the discovery, about A. D. 1429. Laurentius was rich and practised printing in its original rude state, with wooden type, never attempting to cast types in metal. Laurentius employed two servants, brothers, by the name of Geinfleisch, the younger of whom was distin- guished by the name of Gutenberg. The elder of the two took advantage of his acquired knowledge of print- ing to steal a large part of his master's types on a Christ- mas eve, when the festival was at its height. He ab- sconded with his ill-gotten plunder, a few miserably cut wooden blocks, the first beginnings of the art that was so soon to shake the world with its significance, and set up a printing concern at Mentz. Here he was assisted by John Fust, alias Faust, who shared the profits with him. The younger brother, Gutenberg, also joined the partner- ship, and the three earnestly strove to attain the art of making metal types with cut faces. After much labor, they succeeded, and in 1450 a part of the Bible was issued from their press. In 1456, one Peter Schceffer, an ingenious man, com- pleted the invention of metallic types by casting them with faces, complete, instead of first casting the shank and afterwards engraving the letters on them. Faust 15 was so much pleased that he gave Schceffer his only- daughter in marriage. From this time the knowledge and practice of printing were gradually extended through several countries. Caxton set up his press in London, and others were established in Boulogne, Paris and Rome, which made rapid strides towards the improvement of the work they undertook. PRINTING IN AMERICA. The first press introduced into America,was at Mexico about the year 1540, and the next at Lima, Peru, in 1584. Cambridge, Mass., is entitled to the distinction of having the first printing press in the United States, which published the Bay Psalm Book in 1640. The first book issued in the Middle Colonies was an Almanac printed in 1685 by William Bradford, near Philadelphia. Brad- ford lived to a great age as a printer, and did much to introduce the art into this country. The first newspaper in America was the Boston News Letter, which was issued by John Campbell in 1704, and was published for seventy'two years. James Franklin, an elder brother of Benjamin, established the New Eng- land Courant in 1 7 2 1 . In Montreal alone there are to day more than thirty printing establishments, in some of which the perfected machinery presents an astonishing example of the progress now attained in rapidly supplying the world with news by means of the printing press. The working of the Witness 8-cylinder press is a sight that will long be re- membered by visitors to that successful and well-managed establishment. ^p^5^?><§ * 16 SPECIMENS OF DIFFERENT FOUNTS OF TYPE (ROMAN.) GREAT PRIMER,— There are nine newspaper proprietors in the English House of Commons. ENGLISH. — Caxton Anniversary Exhi- bition, Montreal, Jane 26th, 1877. PICA. — Peter the Great was the founder and editor of the first newspaper ever known in Russia. SMALL PICA. — Authors of books and pamphlets should have their work seen through the press by J. N. EMRA, 35 Bonaventure St., Montreal ; thus saving time, labor and typographical errors, and en- suring low charges by having the various processes facilitated by professional supervision. LONG PRIMER.— Charles Dickens, Jr., is now the chief partner in a London printing establishment. BOURGEOIS,— The Caxton Committee have brought to a successful issue a difficult undertaking. BREVIER. — New York city has 401 papers and periodicals, Phila- delphia 134, and Boston 122. MINION.— It is a singular fact that a man who don't believe in advertising, does believe most profoundly in getting himself and busi- ness mentioned in the local paper every time he gets a chance without costing him anything. — Bridgeport Standard. NONPAREIL— In good times advertising makes business better and in bad ones, less bad. That business which is not capable of exten- sion deserves to die out, like the snuff of an old-fashioned candle, and the men who are " doing enough," and won't have help to increase their profits, should make way altogether for others. AGATE.— A prominent journal asserts that " nine out of ten newspapers are now running on their expectations of better times, and that not more than one in ten par expenses." PEARL.— Mr. J. N. EMRA, 35 Bonaventure St, gives estimates for every variety of print- ing, from an octavo volume to a business card : and by preparing the copy, reading and revis- ing the proofs, and bringing the work satisfactorily to completion, saves time, labor and expense. 17 DON'T PATRONISE STORES NO FIXED PRICES You can not be sure of getting fair value for your money, if you do. W9M, WMW GO TO JOLLY &, VENNING, 223 St Lawrence Street, THE ONE PRICE STORE. ll§§l«lM GALLERY OF AMT. Rich Collections of Coins, Bronzes, Minerals, Precious Stones, Antiquities, Curiosities, &c. BEAUTIFUL LIFE-SIZED MODELS of CELEBRITIES. Oxy.-Hyd. Magic Lantern, Microscope, Polariscope, Kaleidoscope, &c. MUSIC BY LEADING ARTISTS. Tickets 25 Cts., Children 10 Cts.; received in payment of Goods purchased at the Grand Bazaar. OPEN DAILY FROM 10 A.M. TIIiL, 10 P.M. 301 NOTRE DAME ST., MONTREAL. T. SARONY-LAMBERT. 18 Chromotypes. THE ONLY PEEMANENT Made, and only made in Montreal by WEM Q> A FINE LOT OF SPECIMENS OF THE ART AT 51 BLEURY STREET. 19 Royal Mail Line Steamers BETWEEN Passengers leave Bonaventure Depot, Montreal, by 7 A. M., or 5 P. M., trains for Lachine to connect with Steamers for Ottawa and intermediate ports. Tourists will find this the most picturesque route in Canada. Daily Excursions returning via Lachine Rapids. To Carillon and Back — one fare — leave by 7 A. M., Train for Lachine. To St. Annes, by rail, return by Steamer, FARE, #1.00. To Lachine and return, via Rapids : Leave by 3.30 P. M. train. FARE S>0 Cts. Mm Wm illPnii! PRESIDENT. 20 LOYELL'S CLASSIFIED BUSINESS DQEOTORY, For 1877-78, CONTAINING THE Names, Business, and Address of every Firm or Person doing business in Montreal. PRICF, - - $1.00. CHEAP SHEET MUSIC ! Songs and Instrumental pieces with piano accompaniment, at 5c and 10c a piece. Don't pay 30 or 40 cents for Sheet Music, when you can get it just as nicely got up for 10 cents. People at a distance will please send for a Catalogue. Country orders promptly attended to. L. E. Rivard also deals in Second Hand Books. Song Books, Newspapers, Ma gazines. Postage Stamps, Pictures and Frames, Stereoscopic Views, Stationery Fancy Goods, etc., etc. L, E. RIVARD, 614 Craig Street, Rear St. Lawrence Hall, between St. Francois-Xavier and St. George Sts., Montreal. TownshencFs Pure Bedding, (PATENTED.) 1 — » ■ Spring and Wair Mattresses, Feather Beds, Bolsters and Pillows, 39 BONAVENTURE STREET, NEXT THE WITNESS OFFICE. 21 J. N.EMRA. Books, ^GSIKISLl J ^ Panting, Pamphlets, fges Bto ^'" ^ eac ^ s ' Circulars, *^g| B?^ ? Cards. The public is aware of the inconvenience, delays, extra expense, and annoying mistakes resulting from the ignorance or want of 'observance of technical rules by Authors, Adver- tisers, Compilers of Reports, and all connected with Print- ing or Publishing in any of the hundred forms demanded by the necessities of the present day . With the view of obviating in some degree these drawbacks, and to ensure perfect satisfaction between the printer and his customer, Mr. f. N. EMRA sees through the press all the work committed to his care. The " Copy " is prepared, proofs read and revised, and all details scrupulously attended to. Mr. EMRA especially desires to call attention to the fact that his clients reap the advantage of having their work done at low rates in this manner, the various processes being so much facilitated by professional supervision. Instructions are called for in any part of the city immediately on receipt of a request at the office, 35 St. Bonaven- ture Street, Montreal. 22 Sun Hats! Sun Hats! Children's Clothing! BABY LINEN! -AND- OTM1:M¥ RSQUfSITBl m jaSto 1 ||itktel0t|iitg! " MILLIIERT, FLOWERS, RIBBONS, tc, LADIES' FANCY WORK! A Choice Stock of the above. Jfc Ball EespeutfuUg Solicited. 127 BLETOY STREET, Second Door from Dorchester. Mrs. WITHYCOMB. 23 TEES 449 Notre Dame STREET, Montreal. BROTHERS, 449 Notre Dame STREET, Montreal. AND UNDERTAKERS. &arge assortment of Furniture) Bifxce ®£sks, Iron and Wood Caskets and Coffins, Wholesale and Retail. \^ m Office and School Furniture a Specialty. Factory: St. Gabriel Locks. LITERARY CUEI0SIT7. " ♦ Rare and complete Venetian Edition of Tasso's Works, date, 1738, in good preservation ; 8 volumes, octavo, hot-pressed paper. The first volume of this edition being on exhibition at Mechanics' Hall during the celebration of the Caxton Anniversary, any intending purchaser has the opportunity of inspecting it there. As shewing the peculiar completeness of this edition, attention is directed to the com- prehensive nature of the tables at the end, enumerating the beauties of the Poet, the graces of his style, as well as the figures of speech he employs and the notable events he refers to. Also a valuable edition of Virgil's Life and Works (Amsterdam, Jac. Wetstentium), date 17 . Fullest particulars may be obtained at any time from J. N. EMRA, Agent, 35 Bona venture Street. 24 OTTAWA HOTEL, ST. JAMES and NOTRE DAME STREETS, MONTREAL. FIRST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT. C. S. BROWNE, J. Q. PERLEY, ' Proprietors. Solicitors of Patents, (ESTABLISHED 1859) 162 ST. JAMES STREET, STEAMERS LEAVE NEW YORK EVERY THURSDAY, For Liverpool, Glasgow and Belfast, ♦ ■ First and Second Passage at very Low Rates. D. WATERS, Agent, 126 St. James St., .MONTREAL. /s/i -* Established 1035. Jot) G. Thsmpson & k y\ t 6 ^t. Ppt« Ce volume doit etre rendu a la derniere date indiquee ci-dessous. This book must be returned to the last date indicated below. if, -■S i the W. DRYSDALE & CO., Bookseller^ Stationers and Periodical Agents, 232 ST. JAMES STREET, MONTREAL, NEXT DOOR TO SAVAGE, LYMAN & CO., Have on Ik ■•><] a cnoice as.- orlment of me njM and Iwwtri m wtattpiwrg, BIBLES AND PRAYER BOOKS, Stereoscopic Views in great variety, AHT LOWEST PRICES_ 2&f£ St. James Street, Montreal. B0NATK£'S Mil II W 192 & 104 ST, JOSEPH STREET Chaboillez Sq., Montreal. > ) I Visiters to the City, as well as citizens generally, will save Money by buying their Boors and Shoes at WM® IP#pmtop Mmm MtevOf 192 & 194 ST. JOSEPH STREET, Chaboillez Sq., Montreal. ^v g= £^^^=$=^==?F^A--i^ ^-~r^ \Vitvk^ PurNTmG li :> Bo.vavb.vturb Street.